The onion (Allium Cepa)
The onion (Allium Cepa), also called onion or just onion, is a biennial plant of the genus Onion, widely used in cooking. The bulbs of adult plants are mainly used before the beginning of winter. The leaves of young plants are also used, often called fresh onions or green onions.
It has a characteristic strong spicy taste and pungent odor, especially in the bulbs. They soften during cooking, whereby the taste becomes sweet. The bulbs have a dry outer shell and a fleshy layered inside. Used worldwide for culinary purposes, they come in a variety of shapes and colors.
It is considered, that bulbs from the onion family have been used for food for millennia. Traces of onion remains along with petrified figs and dates have been found in Palestinian settlements in the Bronze Age., dating from about 5000 G. BC. It would be a guess to think, that the onion was cultivated. Archaeological and written evidence shows, that cultural cultivation probably began around 2000 years later in Ancient Egypt. This happened along with the cultural cultivation of leeks and garlic and is believed, that workers, built the pyramids, are fed with beets and onions.